Post Category: Disease Pages

Conjunctivitis: Causes, Treatment & Prevention

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Dr. Darshan Gore

Hospital / Clinic

Darshan Eye Hospital, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra

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Link to Full Interview
Duration: 7:57 minutes

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Read the full transcript of Health Show in English, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi

GMoney Anchor - Today, in our video, we have with us Dr. Darshan Gore, who is an eye specialist and the director of Darshan Eye Hospital in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra. He has been practicing for the past twenty-five years. Dr. Darshan, a very warm welcome to you.

Dr. Darshan Gore – Thank you, Madam Purnima.

conjunctivitis in hindi

GMoney Anchor - Dr. Darshan, you are an eye specialist. Today, we will discuss conjunctivitis. First of all, I want you to explain how you define conjunctivitis.

Dr. Darshan Gore – Conjunctivitis is actually an infection. There are two types of infections – bacterial and viral conjunctivitis. It occurs due to bacteria or viruses. The eyes become red, watery, itchy, and painful.  In bright light, there is discomfort in the eyes, what we call photosensitivity. So, this is conjunctivitis. This is the definition of conjunctivitis.

GMoney Anchor - Okay, and sir, after symptoms, please tell us what causes it? Does it happen in a particular season, like during the rainy season?

Dr. Darshan Gore – Besides dust, during the summer season, pollen contributes more. And during the monsoon season, viral conjunctivitis is more common. Additionally, when people gather in large numbers, such as during religious festivals or events like Kumbh Mela, the chances of conjunctivitis increase. The close proximity and exposure to dust, along with increased travel and compromised immunity, contribute to a higher risk.

GMoney Anchor - What is the reason for that?

Dr. Darshan Gore – Because if a person is already infected and they participate in a festival or take a dip in the river during Kumbh Mela, the chances of spreading the infection increase. Also, with the large crowd, the hygiene level decreases, and if one person is infected, it can easily spread to others. That’s why it is advised for individuals to isolate themselves for at least three to four days during such events.

GMoney Anchor - Okay. Sir, what should one avoid doing if they have conjunctivitis? What are the big no-nos?

Dr. Darshan Gore – During conjunctivitis, individuals, whether male or female, should avoid going out for a few days. Keeping the eyes open increases the chances of spreading the infection. Resting and taking the prescribed medication are crucial for a quick recovery. Isolation is more important than anything else.

GMoney Anchor - Sir, does conjunctivitis cause itching, tearing, and redness in the eyes?

Dr. Darshan Gore – Yes, yes, yes, madam. It is more common in viral conjunctivitis. In bacterial conjunctivitis, the redness is a bit less. The virus tends to adapt and mutate over time, making it more potent. The more powerful the virus, the more severe the symptoms, and patients might experience more prolonged discomfort.

GMoney Anchor - Alright. If someone is infected, how long does it take for symptoms to appear?

Dr. Darshan Gore – If it’s bacterial, symptoms may appear within a few hours. In viral cases, there might be a slight irritation at first, like a foreign body sensation. Redness may not be initially noticeable, but the eyes might feel irritated. With viral infections, symptoms typically become evident within 24 to 48 hours.

GMoney Anchor - And sir, how long does it take to heal?

Dr. Darshan Gore – There are two main factors. First is the patient’s immunity – their internal strength. Second is the potency of the bacteria or virus. If the infection is potent, it may take a bit longer. If the patient follows the prescribed medication and isolation properly, it usually takes around five to seven days for improvement. In severe cases, it might take up to fifteen days, but on average, it’s around five to seven days.

GMoney Anchor - Alright. Which age group does conjunctivitis affect the most?

Dr. Darshan Gore – It’s a bit challenging to specify, but generally, it affects the childhood and old age groups more. Children are more vulnerable due to playing outdoors, exposure to the sun, and sometimes lower hygiene levels. The elderly, who are retired and might have other health issues, are also more prone. Though it can affect anyone, these two groups are more susceptible.

GMoney Anchor - Okay. Dr. Darshan, could you please share information about the treatment and prevention of conjunctivitis?

Dr. Darshan Gore – First, for prevention, maintaining cleanliness is crucial. Good habits, like wearing clean clothes and proper sleeping habits, are necessary. Adequate exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding outside food can help build immunity. As for treatment, we use machines to examine the eyes, such as a slit lamp. Through these machines, we can determine the nature of the infection and its severity. For bacterial infections, we prescribe antibiotics, and for viral infections, treatment focuses on managing symptoms and providing comfort. Rest, hydration, and sometimes artificial tears are recommended. Cold compresses can also provide relief. It’s essential to follow the prescribed instructions for a faster recovery.

GMoney Anchor - Okay. So today, we learned about the triggers, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of conjunctivitis. I hope today's video was very informative. Please share your feedback, and if you want us to discuss any other topic, do let us know. I am Neha Bajaj, taking your leave. Thank you, Dr. Darshan, for taking time out from your busy schedule. Thank you.

Dr. Darshan Gore – Thank you, Madam. Thank you for inviting me and giving me the opportunity to speak. Thank you.

GMoney Anchor - So, this was Dr. Darshan, who shared information about conjunctivitis. I hope you enjoyed today's video. Keep watching GMoney Healthy and stay true to your health. Our promise to health.

conjunctivitis in hindi

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