A Pilonidal sinus (PNS), also called Pilonidal abscess or Sacrococcygeal fistula, is a cyst or an abnormal pocket in the skin. This usually develops over the tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks. The sac usually contains hair and skin debris. In certain conditions, more than one cyst may develop, linked by tunnels under the skin, and when infected, they can be extremely painful.
Pilonidal sinus is known to occur mostly in young men, as they tend to be hairier. This problem tends to recur. People sitting for prolonged periods such as truck drivers are more prone to develop a pilonidal cyst.
Pilonidal sinus usually occurs when hair punctures the skin and then remains embedded. As a response to the hair, the body treats it as a foreign substance and forms a cyst around it.
The exact cause of this condition is unknown, but pilonidal sinus doctors in Bhubaneswar presume that it happens due to the combination of changing levels of hormones, hair growth, friction from clothes, or sitting for long periods. Pilonidal sinus is quite common in young males and mostly happens after puberty.
Unfortunately, the pilonidal sinus can return after surgery. Some patients reported that they never had another issue, while 20% of patients experienced at least one recurrence. Within five years of the surgery, recurrence rates ranged from 13.8% to 32%, and also depends on the type of surgical removal. The recurrence rate after an incision is almost 40%, while those treated with antibiotics saw their infections return within two years.
There are certain conditions when the Pilonidal sinus may not need surgery. Depending on the severity, and the symptoms, doctors may advise you on the alternative treatment method. This includes certain meditations and painkillers, while sometimes a doctor may also advise draining the cyst.
It is critical to note that even after the pus has gone away naturally, the sinus tract may remain as part of our body. As long as the tract is present, there are fair chances of infection. So, a pilonidal cyst never truly goes away on its own.
A pilonidal sinus can return after treatment, but if you maintain good hygiene and frequently remove hair around the area, it may help reduce the risk of recurrence.
The most recommended treatment is surgery. But, as there is a high recurrence rate, certain precautions can prevent Pilonidal cyst formation. You can consider laser hair removal, as it reduces the chance of recurrence by diminishing the number of hairs. You can also prevent it by:
In case of a chronic pilonidal sinus or when it has gotten worse forming a cavity under your skin, you may have to undergo surgery. A surgeon may remove the cyst entirely and can leave the wound open for packing, or close the wound with sutures or a skin flap taken from a healthy part of your body.
The surgery takes around 30 minutes depending on the procedure, and the doctor allows you to leave the hospital the same day. You can discuss surgical options with your surgeon to find the one that suits you and all the possible risks or side effects involved in the surgery.
Sometimes plastic surgery is also used if the area being treated is large. Once the sinus is removed, the surrounding skin is reconstructed with the help of plastic surgery.
Bhubaneswar offers a variety of treatment centres for the surgery of pilonidal sinus. You can rest assured to get a safe and painless pilonidal sinus treatment in Bhubaneswar. Many experienced anal surgeons are offering their services in Bhubaneshwar. You can take an appointment from a doctor near your residence, or the area suited in Bhubaneshwar, and can avail one of the best treatments available for Pilonidal sinus.
Surgery is one of the best options to drain and remove a pilonidal cyst that does not heal. The typical cost of Pilonidal surgery in India is between Rs 30,000 to Rs 80,000. However, the surgery cost may differ in different cities and different hospitals.
Once you have identified a pilonidal sinus infection and have recognized signs of infection, then you are most likely to go for treatment. Your doctor may suggest a conservative treatment or can recommend surgery. Whatever the treatment may be, you need to spend a good amount of sum. You can look for a loan financer in Bhubaneswar to help you meet your medical expenses or can choose from various medical loan services in Bhubaneswar.
You can even apply for a medical loan from GMoney for your pilonidal sinus treatment. GMoney offers medical emergency funds with no-cost EMI. Any individual who is a resident of India can apply for this loan. GMoney allows you to repay the loan with zero interest and flexible EMI schemes.
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